lunes, 3 de octubre de 2016

Sarcophagus of Dioscorides,

Sarcophagus of Dioscorides, a Greek Egyptian
Dioscorides, a general under Ptolemy VI, was a member of the Greek elite that ruled Egypt at the time, yet he was buried according to the ancient local Egyptian customs....
His dark stone sarcophagus is shaped like Osiris's mummified body. It is covered with religious inscriptions from the Book of the Dead, which are placed over the appropriate parts of the body.
The wig carried an inscription from chapter 162 on "how to light a flame under the head of the deceased." A human-headed bird on the chest represents Dioscorides's ba, his soul that can leave the tomb. On the lower register are the "four sons of Horus," guardians of the embalmed viscera kept in canopic jars, around the image of a scarab, the symbol of the sun reborn.
Below, a vignette represents Dioscorides seated opposite the funerary deities, and stood up worshipping Osiris and another god. Chapter 72, to "come forth by day and open the tomb," is placed here.
On the base of the sarcophagus, the god Anubis is depicted in the form of a dog and there is a representation of the tomb from which the deceased's ba-bird is flying.
Inside, the goddesses of the West (the land of the cemetery) and Nut (the Sky) frame the mummy. The deceased was therefore following the same trajectory as the sun in its daily course after its disappearance in the West and nocturnal journey in the belly of Nut, who sends it back to the world in the East in the morning.

How to get to the next stop:
Return to the end of the room and go into the small Room 15, "The mummy: embalming and burial." One of the Louvre's few mummies is displayed in display case 1.

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