sábado, 5 de marzo de 2016

Deir el-Medina, Tomb TT1, SENNEDJEM , son of Khabekhnet and Tahennu

Deir el-Medina, Tomb TT1, SENNEDJEM , son of Khabekhnet and Tahennu


This measures 1m long with a height of 42cm. At the top of the decorated surface is a blue hieroglyph for the "sky". Below this, decorated in an expanse of colour, is a representation of the solar barque of "Atum, who rests in the mountain of the west", travelling from east to west on a shorter blue "sky" hieroglyph (but which can here also be representative of the underground Nile). The barque and its passenger are adored from in front of the prow and behind the stern by st...anding images of Sennedjem.
At the front of the barque squats the Horus–child (known to the Greeks as the Harpocrate), with a finger to its mouth. A frog, symbol of eternity, is placed under the prow at the level of the water. The mummiformed god Atum, wearing the pschent (or double crown of Egypt), faces left and holds the sign of life on his knee. In front of him, stands the shemset symbol meaning "followers" (Gardiner T18) and behind him, close to the two oar-rudders, is a representation of the primitive Lower Egypt sanctuary of Buto, with a rounded roof
Atum, creator god, whose name can mean "the one who is" as well as "the one who is not", has a strong interrelationship with the notion of rebirth.
The accompanying text proclaims, on the right : "Praise be given to Atum […] resides in the mountains of the west, on behalf of the servant in the Place of Truth […]". On the left, the speech is addressed to Ra-Horakhty : "Praise be given to Ra-Horakhty, who lives in truth (Ma'at), made [...] of Sennedjem, justified". Note that Hor-akhty means "of the two horizons".
This scene of the lintel thus illustrates perfectly the comment of Sennedjem : on the threshold of his vault. He wishes, for eternity, to share the destiny of the creator god, to be able to disappear in the evening on the western horizon, and to rise on the eastern horizon in the morning.
Deir el-Medina, Tomb TT1, SENNEDJEM , son of Khabekhnet and Tahennu

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